The California boundary of was in reality so
little known that an accurate official survey of the eastern boundary of the
State was urged upon the California Legislature by the Surveyors-General in
each report . One reason
given for the fixing of the line between California and the United States
Territories was that California lost taxes because people residing near the
disputed line claimed to live in Utah.
A footnote adds: “The officers of Carson County even appropriated money to aid
citizens in their resistance to the collection of taxes by the authorities of
Plumes County, Calif.”
The Surveyor-General of Nevada in his report of
, told of citizens in Lincoln
County who refused to pay taxes, declaring they resided in Utah.
From the East Liverpool,
Ohio, Evening Review
Vehicle Owners Refuse to Pay Tax
Several vehicle owners have given notice to the police department that they
will not pay the license fee of $1 per year. They claim that it is not lawful
to collect from them and have refused point blank to surrender any money. It
is not known what will be done, but if the threats of Mayor Blake are made
good, wholesale arrests will be made during the next few days. It is said that
one man owning a large number of teams is among those who will not pay.
Kathleen DeLaney Thomas thinks the key to the government collecting more tax money is to devise new ways to make people feel guilty about evading their taxes. She calls this technique raising “The Psychic Cost of Tax Evasion” in order to reduce the expected gains of evasion. Papers like these can sometimes be read between-the-lines or at a bit of an angle to hint at techniques that dissidents can use to encourage tax resistance, either by reducing the psychic cost of tax evasion, or by increasing the psychic cost of tax compliance.
The president of Veneto, Luca Zaia, and Roberto Maroni, president of Lombardy, both prominent Italian Northern League politicians, have continued that party’s tradition of big talk about tax resistance with a vow to resist taxes if the national government cuts health-care spending in the regions. The presidents claim that their regions have slimmer, more efficient governments and have reined in health-care costs more than those in the south of Italy, and that they shouldn’t be punished for this by having their health care subsidies reduced.
Patrick Howley, a “political reporter” with a conservative bent, has reacted to the “IRS Scandal” that the American right-wing is all excited about by going on a one-man tax strike. “I did not pay my taxes this year. I just didn’t have the money,” he wrote. “Now I will not pay my taxes until every single Lois Lerner email is released and the people who planned and carried out this governmental travesty are held accountable.”
The SubRosa collective just came back from a retreat to a land project in the Sierras. We had many intentions about why we would travel over four hours to be together for four or five days. There were themes that we shared in common: to be together in a different place and have fun and share our days and nights...to be on and with the land and to share that experience together...to dream about SubRosa and the collective, about how those are now and could be.
We accomplished all of this and more...from coffee and yerba mate in the morning to honoring the bottle at night, we had full days of varied experiences...games and solo wanderings and focused conversations about our lives, about the project, about anarchy, about the place we live...what is and could be...
Changes are in the air...the coming of fall with the Autumn Equinox...and changes also at SubRosa...some quick and some slow...
Come visit us and we welcome you to join with us at this pivotall time of grounding our dreams.
A few more bits from the archives concerning Russia during the Vyborg Manifesto
Refuse to Pay Tax.
By Associated Press.
Odessa, . — In consequence of the
unanimous and unalterable refusal of the peasants in the Odessa district to
pay tax the local zemestvo has been advised by the government that it is
impossible to maintain schools and hospitals which must be closed.
Russian Peasants Refuse to Pay Tax.
It is Said Fully 50,000 Have Joined in the Movement.
Trouble is Feared.
Odessa, Russia, . — A determined attempt by the peasants of Kutauis province,
Transcaucasia, to live up to the programme outlined by the Viborg convention
of deputies after the dissolution of the douma, of refusing to pay taxes, has
resulted in serious trouble. From all indications the situation is bound to
become steadily worse and fears are entertained that a general massacre of
peasants by soldiers will be the outcome.
Fully 50,000 peasants have joined in the movement not to give the government a
kopec. Notice has been given by the government that if the peasants do not pay
within two weeks troops will be sent into the district and they will be
mercilessly shot down.
Without waiting for soldiers to put the threat of the government into
execution the peasants have inaugurated a campaign of guerrilla warfare
against troops. Tax collectors who have insisted upon the payment of money
have been severely handled in several instances.
Within the last few days a number of military sentinels have been shot down in
ambush or attacked by peasants. These murders have infuriated the troops, who
have demanded that they be allowed to attack the peasants.
Already the situation is nearly as grave as it could be. If the government
attempts to execute its threat of collecting taxes at the point of the bayonet
the soldiers are almost certain to get out of hand and a general massacre will
Replying to a deputation of municipal officials who complained of the
violences daily committed by members of the League of Russian People against
peaceful citizens, Jews and Christians alike, Governor General Kaulbars said
he personally doubted whether it was possible or even desirable to attempt to
suppress the exasperation of the loyal elements against the revolutionary
students, who were guided exclusively by Jews.
The tone of Governor Kaulbar’s speech, which is regarded as an open expression
of approval of the horrors of counter-revolution, has created much alarm.
Douma Members to Base Defense on Technicality
Alleged Traitors to Russia Will Urge That Crime Was Committed Outside
Petersburg, . — Trial
of those members of the first Russian Douma who signed the Viborg manifesto
was continued this morning. It had been expected that today would see the
conclusion of the case, but owing to the decision of several of the defendants
to plead their own cause the hearing will go over until
. The final arguments will be brief
and formal. The prosecutor will limit himself to summing up the illegal nature
of the manifesto and the grave consequences which might have ensued had the
people heeded its appeal to resist tax gatherers. The defense will make its
strong point on technicalities, holding that the crime, if any, was committed
outside the country, and that the government has failed to establish the
individual responsibility of the defendants.
If you decide to resist the federal income tax, you have to decide
whether to file a tax return or
not. One of the disadvantages of non-filing is that if the
notices, they’ll file a sort of dummy return for you: and usually one
that considerably overstates the income tax you would have owed if you
filed yourself. Tony Nitti at his Forbes blog,
describes how this screwed over tax resister Thomas Salzer, who went to tax court to try to get them to accept a more accurate, less expensive, but tardily-filed tax return, but lost his case.
A meeting of this trust, attended by an unusually large concourse of trustees…
ordered that Bwlch Llangorse Gate, Senny Bridge Gate, the Side Gate in
Llanvaes, the Groesfford Gate, the Side Gate at Tairderwen, Llyswen Side Gate,
the Watten Side Gate, Pontcumbeth Side Gate, and the West Side Gate at Builth,
be taken down and discontinued… that the Penygenfford Gate be abandoned, and
that the Talgarth Gate and the Tretower Gate on that road, clear each other…
Whereas Sarah Williams, when residing at the Hendy Bridge Toll House, in the
Parish of Llanedy, in the County of Carmarthen, was, on
, Shot by some Person or Persons unknown, — a reward
of five hundred pounds is hereby offered, and will be paid to any
Person or Persons who shall give such Information or Evidence as shall lead
to the Apprehension and Conviction of any of those by whom the Murder was
committed; and her Majesty’s most gracious Pardon will be extended to any
accomplice, who may give the necessary evidence, so that such accomplice
shall not be the person who fired the shot by which Sarah Williams was killed.
Geo. Rice Trevor,
Vice-Lieutenant County Carmarthen.
By letters from correspondents residing in various parts of the country, we
perceive that Rebecca’s hostility against turnpike-gates is far from ceasing.
Indeed, it does not appear that she is in any way inclined to permit of a
truce, much less to make a declaration of peace, and a cessation of
hostilities. It was stated in our last, that the Pontardulais gate, at which
the serious collision between the Rebeccaites and the police took place, had
been carried away a few days after that occurrence. Since then, the Trustees
caused a bar to be erected there, as a temporary substitute for a gate. In
consequence of an intimation received by the authorities of an intended attack
upon the bar on , it was
sedulously watched on that night, and as a matter of course, Rebecca was not
seen; but, on ,
when the military had quitted their posts, Rebecca removed the bar. Since
which, a chain, which had been placed across the road, has also been carried
away, and on , another
bar was removed. On , a pair of
new gates were erected there, but how long they shall stand, remains to be
seen. We fear they must share the fate of their predecessors. Since the first
destruction of the gate, no tolls have been collected during night, the
collector deeming it the best part of valour to retire soon after sunset, and
attend early on the following morning. However, it appears that he was not at
his post early on , as a
number of farmers and others who attend Swansea Market, meeting with no
obstruction in the shape of a toll gate or even a toll-collector, passed toll
free. In the afternoon, as the farmers were returning, the collector demanded
payment from those who had paid no toll in the early part of the day. The
latter, like the lawyers, cited their free passage in the morning as a
precedent, and contended that, as they had passed free in the morning, the
same rule should be adhered to in the evening. The collector decided the
“precedent to be bad in law,” and demanded his toll. Some persons paid, but
others insisted upon passing toll free. Since then, the collector has received
a threatening letter from ’Becca, advising him to quit, or he must take the
consequences of incurring her displeasure. — We learn by our Llandovery
Correspondent’s letter, that on , a party of Rebecca’s followers passed through the village of
Cilycwm, in Carmarthenshire, and proceeded to Porthyrhyd gate, on the road
leading form Llandovery to Lampeter, which they speedily levelled. From thence
these destructives passed onwards towards Llandovery, demolishing the posts of
two bars which have not been in use for some years. About
they halted upon Doldyhirion bridge, a mile distant from Llandovery, where
they remained for a short time, awaiting, it is surmised, some signal to
inform them that the military had retired to rest. At the signal of command
they set to work in right earnest with five or six saws, by which the gates,
posts, and rails, near that bridge, were completely cleared away. During the
progress of the destruction of the gate, they fired several gun shots into the
toll-house, for the purpose of intimidating the collector and his wife, both
of whom are advanced in years. When the work of destruction was over, a volley
was fired, and all the rioters departed along the road leading to Cilycwm,
having left a threatening notice with the collector, who, in consequence, has
“resigned office” and removed his goods. — A correspondent writing from
Landyssil, Cardiganshire, says — “I believe the general feeling among the
people respecting Rebeccaism is much the same as it is about Llanelly,
&c. There is
not a single toll gate in this neighbourhood, neither have we had any
, when they were destroyed
by the Rebeccaites.”
Rebecca and the Oddfellows.
On a large meeting of
Oddfellows was held at the town-hall, Llanelly, attended by many of the most
respectable and influential inhabitants, for the purpose of taking into
consideration the “state of things” and of expressing their opinions upon the
various topics which now agitate the public mind, especially in their own
county, Carmarthenshire, and the adjoining counties. “What passed during the
meeting,” adds our correspondent — “I, of course, had no opportunity of
knowing, as none but Oddfellows were admitted, but from the frequent signs of
approbation which reached the ears of persons in the street, unanimity seemed
to prevail. After the business of the meeting was over, the members walked in
procession through the town, their gay dresses producing a pleasing effect by
gas light.” It will be perceived by the resolutions agreed to at the meeting,
and which are inserted in our advertising columns, that the members of this
loyal and patriotic society, while admitting the existence of grievances,
“view with feelings of deep regret the nightly outrages and destruction of
private property which have taken place in the neighbourhood,” and pledge
themselves to exert their influence to counteract such unjustifiable and
Eleven policemen belonging to the London police force arrived in this town on
by steamer from Bristol. We
understand that they have since proceeded to Carmarthenshire, with the view of
assisting the authorities “to catch Becca.” Though the Metropolitan force may
be adepts at thief catching in the various resorts for such characters in
London, it is difficult to believe that they will be more successful in
breaking the combined and organised forces of Rebecca than the military, who,
week after weak have scoured the country in vain.
At Maesgwenllian, near Kidwelly, several bailiffs were put in possession for
arrears of rent, to the amount of
150l.; but about
Rebecca and a great number of her followers made their appearance on the
premises, and after driving the bailiffs off, conveyed away the whole of the
goods distrained upon. As soon as daylight appeared, the bailiffs returned,
but found no traces of Rebecca nor of the goods which had been taken away.
Claims on the Hundreds in consequence of Losses by Rebeccaism.
An enquiry was held at the Guildhall, Carmarthen, last week, before a large
bench of Magistrates, to assess the amount of damage sustained at certain
toll-houses, in consequence of the proceedings of Rebecca and her daughters.
A great number of witnesses were examined and cross-examined at great length,
the enquiry lasting for five successive hours. At the conclusion an order was
made to pay for the damage done at Minke toll-house, amounting to the sum of
6d. costs of the
application; for the damage done at Porthyrhyd toll-house, the sum of
29l., with the sum of
6s. costs of application,
together with 3l.
7s. high constable’s
claim — for the damage sustained by Evan Thomas (the Porthyrhyd lion), by the
destruction of his furniture,
6d., and costs
4s.; and high constable’s
toll-house was to have been brought forward, but the justices were occupied
so long in the foregoing enquiries, that it stood adjourned to a future day.
These expenses, of course, fall on the respective hundreds [districts].
A grand demonstration among the Farmers of tie several parishes of Llandebie,
Llanarthney, Llanfihangel-Aberbythych, Llanedy, and Beltws, in the county of
Carmarthen, took place on a hill
called Garnfig, between the parishes of Llanarthney and
Llanfihangel-Aberbytliych, about a mile distant on the Llandilo road from
Cross Hands, Carmarthenshire. The meeting had been announced for eleven
o’clock, at which time there were comparatively few persons on the field, but
the numbers continued increasing until twelve or one o’clock, when the number
present was estimated at three thousand individuals, nearly all of whom were
fanners or agricultural labourers…
Mr. [Hugh] Williams then said, that… it had been his lot to have been called
upon to state the object for which the meeting had been convened. It was known
to all that they had numerous grievances to complain of, which they had long
suffered. One was the turnpike-toll grievance, which was well known to them.
The great multiplicity of gates had given rise to outrages of the most
desperate character, which he hoped would be soon discontinued, and the
country return to its former peaceable state. It also appeared that the
agriculturalists were reduced to such a state of poverty as scarcely to be
able to pay for the conveyance of manure.…
Other complaints on the agenda included:
The new Poor Law, which the speaker characterized as having been designed
by the upper classes for their financial benefit, and as burdening rural
parishes particularly, while at the same time making things worse for the
The “Tithe Commutation Act” which had ended up increasing
An increase in the expense of local government.
I’m going to mostly omit the discussion of those and stick to the parts that
dealt with the tollgates and with Rebecca’s activities.
He (Mr. W.) regretted to find that, notwithstanding the resolutions agreed to
at the Mynydd Sylen meeting [condemning Rebeccaism], great outrages and
excesses had been committed, and they had thereby lost the assistance of
several gentlemen who would have helped them. They perceived the effect of
those outrages that day. He thought it would certainly have been desirable to
have the company of those gentlemen. He was exceedingly sorry to find that
private pique had been carried so far as to cause the destruction of property.
He was not aware that Mr. Adams, of Middleton-Hall, had in any way so stepped
beyond the pale of his Magisterial duties, as to give rise to such a feeling
of antipathy against him. A man, having any regard for his oath, must perform
his Magisterial duties. Another gentleman had been most unjustly accused of
turning round — he referred to Mr.
jun., than whom a more
honourable gentleman did not exist. It had been reported that he took an
unworthy part in the suppression of the outrages at Pontardulais. Now he (Mr.
W.) attended the examination at Swansea, and took notes of the evidence of the
police and others, which proved that Mr. Chambers was entirely free from
having attempted to make an onslaught upon the people. Mr. Williams here
entered into the details elicited at the examination of the prisoners, to
prove that Mr. Chambers was not near the spot when they were fired upon. He
(Mr. W.) made those few remarks, to prove that Mr. Chambers was entirely
guiltless of the charge brought against him, and he hoped that notion would be
dissipated, and that his property would not, in future, be subject to
destruction and depredation. With those observations, he would read the
petition to the Queen. It was in the power of any one to assent or dissent
from its prayer, or any portion of it.
Our space will not permit the insertion of the petition at length — we give
the substance. The first part relates to turnpike-tolls, which are complained
of as being very heavy, and prays that all turnpike-trusts may be
consolidated, and placed under one management, which would regulate the
distances at which gates were to be placed from each other.…
Mr. Williams informed the meeting, that when seeking a seconder of the
petition, a letter had been given him from Mr. Chambers,
jun., stating his reasons for
not attending their meeting, which he hoped, with the explanation he had
given, would satisfy them. The letter, which was read, repelled the false
report that Mr. C. had shot one of the rioters at Pontardulais, a charge
probably arising trom his having procured the wounded man some water, after
the affray was over. Mr. C. also maintained that he had faithfully kept all
the promises made by him. He said he would oppose nightly meetings, and would
always do so. He also stated that he was amongst the first landlords who
lowered their rents, and recommended others to do the same. He also offered to
pay the police-rate for his tenants, and never failed to grant them an
extension of time for the payment of rent when asked to do so. He had also
kept his promise relative to the Three Commotts Trust. The writer asked the
meeting if they thought they would have their grievances redressed by firing
people’s property — was not that the method of aggravating the distress? Let
the tenants of, and the labourers employed upon, the three farms which had
been burnt, bear testimony. He had had written the letter to satisfy himself
and not the wretches who had devastated his property. His life had been
threatened, but let the miscreant who had done so beware, lest he be paid for
his temerity, as he (Mr. C.) was resolved to do his best to defend himself.
A Man in the crowd said, it is Mr. Chambers’s own neighbours who complain of
his conduct; they would not have so bad an opinion of him, if he had acted up
to his promises.
Mr. Williams did not think so; but were that true, it was no reason that his
houses should be burnt down.
Several remarks were made by Persons in the crowd, some of whom treated the
letter with levity and jeers.
Mr. Stephen Evens proceeded. He did not know who Rebecca was, and why she
always hatched at night; but he would make one remark with refeienee to her.
He knew that if old women in making broth did not take it off the fire in
time, the potatoes would get “potch.” He thought it time for Rebecca to take
off the pot, or she would create a “potch.” Something very much like that had
been created at Pontardulais lately. No person who understood what he was
about would burn property, as the loss might be recovered from the hundred
Mr. Wm. Evans, of Pontyberem,
then addressed the meeting in a very animated Welsh speech. He said that
everything was either a cause or an effect. A good deal had been spoken of
outrages; but they unfortunately were but effects produced by a cause, and the
cause was that the country was oppressed to a greater degree than it could
bear. Like a horse greatly overladen, the burden must be lessened or he would
break down. Let the cause be removed, the effect would soon cease. The Speaker
then entered upon the toll grievance. It was not enough to make the farmer pay
for travelling on the parish roads, but they were actually compelled to pay
toll on private roads leading to their farms.… Still, he did not like to see
ricks of hay burnt. That would not improve their conditions. Letters had been
read to the meeting vindicating the conduct of some parties. He remembered
rending, that even the devil had endeavoured to defend himself. (Hear.)
It had been asked who Rebecca was. He had never seen her; but he
thought that Rebecca was every man who earned his bread by the sweat of his
brow. (Cheers.) [emphasis mine –♇]
Mr. William Thomas, of Rhosfawr, Llanon, addressed the meeting.… The Turnpike
Trustees, where were they? was there one in the meeting? If so, let him come
forward and reason upon the subject. They were met to legally discuss their
grievances in the middle of day. He knew three gates — he would name them,
Rhydyffynon, Fairfach, and Rhydytruscog gates, within a mile-and-a-half of
each other, and at all of which toll must be paid. (Cries of “Quarry-fach
gate.”) Yes, that was another gate within a very short distance; but thanks to
Becca for pulling them down, though he would prefer her having done so during
the day. Reference had been made to boiling potatoes. He thought they might
take the pot down for Carmarthenshire, and, if necessary, let it boil on for
Glamorganshire. The speaker concluded by entering at some length into the
details of the turnpike-toll grievance.
One speaker expressed cynicism about petitions (“There had been thousands of
petitions sent from the people, until the table actually groaned…”), but the
meeting unanimously approved another one anyway.
California Anarchoblogs is part of the
Anarchoblogs is a collection of blogs from
self-identified anarchists, anarcho-syndicalists, anarcha-feminists,
anarchists without adjectives, libertarian-socialists, autonomists and
other assorted anti-statists.